Where are VFR on top operations prohibited?

ATC will not authorize VFR or VFR-on-top operations in Class A airspace. AIM, Para 3-2-2, Class A Airspace.

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Where can you not fly VFR?

VFR flight is not allowed in airspace known as class A, regardless of the meteorological conditions except after failure of two way radio communications or during declared emergencies such as VFR traffic attempting to avoid severe weather formations.

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In which types of airspace are VFR flights prohibited?

In the US, class A is the only place where VFR is not allowed (you can get a waiver though.). Every other bit of airspace you can get into VFR. Class B needs a specific clearance and then class C you have to have communications with the controlling facility and have not been told to remain clear.

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Where is special VFR not allowed?

You can only conduct special VFR operations in controlled airspace below 10,000 MSL at an airport that has airspace extending down to the surface. Many Class C and B airports (listed in FAR 91) don’t accommodate Special VFR clearances for IFR traffic separation reasons.

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What class of airspace does not use VFR-on-top?

This ensures ATC can provide accurate traffic information and separation. VFR-on-top is not permitted in Class A airspace.

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What are VFR-on-top operations?

When an aircraft has been cleared to maintain “VFR‐on‐top,” the pilot is responsible to fly at an appropriate VFR altitude, comply with VFR visibility and distance from cloud criteria, and to be vigilant so as to see and avoid other aircraft.

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Can you fly VFR on top of clouds?

Yes, you can fly VFR over the top of a cloud deck as long as you can maintain 1,000 ft. above the clouds. No clearance is necessary, however you still are flying VFR and must see and avoid other aircraft. The one problem is finding a hole large enough to descent through and still maintain VFR cloud separation.

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Can you fly VFR over the ocean?

There are no regulations to prevent you from flying VFR over the ocean as long as you stay out of specific oceanic airspace however there are many restrictions once you get closer to different countries.

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Can a VFR pilot fly VFR on top?

“The short answer is yes. You may legally fly on top as long as you can maintain the appropriate VFR cloud clearances.

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Can you fly VFR in a warning area?

No, unless explicitly directed by ATC not to enter a warning area, you can enter one while flying under VFR. Most warning areas are located outside of the air defense identification zone (ADIZ) which would require filing a flight plan and obtaining a clearance to cross.

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Can you fly VFR at any altitude?

The VFR Cruising Altitude rule does not apply below 3,000 feet AGL. There are some altitudes, however, that pilots seem to choose for level flight. Close to sea level they are 1000, 1500, 2000 and 2500.

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Can you fly VFR in controlled airspace?

a) Pilots without instrument qualifications may and do fly under VFR in Class E airspace without informing air traffic control. They may also fly under VFR in class D airspace, provided they obtain clearance from the responsible ATSU and continually listen for instructions and information on the allocated frequency.

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What are VFR limitations?

(US) Weather minimums for SVFR are ground visibility of one statute mile (except helicopters) (when ground visibility is not reported, flight visibility of one statute mile) and clear of clouds. Operations must be conducted between sunrise and sunset (except helicopters and in Alaska).

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What is a VFR restriction?

Visual Flight Rules simply means that the aircraft is intended to operate in visual meteorological conditions (VMC, i.e. nice and clear weather). Clouds, heavy precipitation, low visibility, and otherwise adverse weather conditions should be avoided under VFR.

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Can you fly VFR cross country?

If you are planning a cross-country trip for the first time, you will most definitely want to maintain VFR (visual flight rules). To achieve this, you will want to ensure that the weather is clear all the way along your route.

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Is VFR allowed in Class C airspace?

Both Visual Flight Rules (VFR) and Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) traffic can operate within Class C airspace provided they meet the operational requirements and are within weather minimums for their flight rules.

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Can you get VFR-on-top in Class A?

IFR to VFR-on-top is not available in Class A airspace and certain other airspaces (e.g., restricted), but just about anywhere else, ATC can give you a requested clearance to climb through IMC to a fix, by which time you must be in VMC.

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Can you fly VFR in Class B airspace?

VFR aircraft must obtain an ATC clearance to operate in Class B airspace.

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What is the 1 in 60 rule in VFR?

This rule of thumb is incredibly powerful in the aviation environment. It states that for each degree off (or displacement) over a distance of 60 nautical miles (NM), it will result in 1 NM off course. It can be applied in various areas of interest when flying, and is easily remembered.

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Can you fly VFR above 18000?

The standard concept of the highest VFR altitude is 17,999 feet. At FL180 or 18,000 feet and above you MUST be operating on an IFR Clearance. The airspace between FL180 and FL600 is called Class A airspace and all aircraft operating in that airspace are IFR.

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Can you fly VFR in rain?

To fly VFR, a pilot needs to see the horizon and use other visual cues to reliably maintain straight-level flight. Because rain affects visibility it can make VFR pilots uncomfortable even when the conditions are still VFR-legal.

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Can you fly VFR in haze?

Other aircraft are essentially invisible at your flight level once the haze restricts visibility to below six miles. Traffic sensors and ATC radar advisories are critical when flying VFR in hazy conditions. Haze as it appears in the METAR is just an obstruction to visibility.

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Can you fly VFR in thunderstorm?

Pilots should observe the following rules for any flight routed even potentially near actual or possible thunder- storm activity: Avoid all thunderstorms. Never go closer than 5 miles to any visible storm cloud with overhanging areas, and strongly consider increas- ing that distance to 20 miles or more.

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Can VFR fly above 10000?

Yes, Visual Flight Rules (VFR) allow for flying at altitudes above 10,000 feet. However, there are specific regulations and requirements for flying at higher altitudes, and pilots must comply with air traffic control instructions and airspace regulations.

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How low can you legally fly?

An altitude of 500 feet above the surface, except over open water or sparsely populated areas. In those cases, the aircraft may not be operated closer than 500 feet to any person, vessel, vehicle, or structure.

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Can Cessna 172 fly over sea?

The Cessna 172 is a single-engine, four-seat aircraft with a limited range. While it is theoretically possible for a Cessna 172 to fly across the Atlantic Ocean, it would require significant modifications, careful planning, and multiple stops for refueling.

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Can pilots fly VFR at night?

Prudent pilots typically set higher weather minimums for night VFR flights. FAR 91.157—In order to get a Special VFR clearance at night, you must have an instrument rating, an instrument-equipped airplane, 1 mile visibility, be able to remain clear of clouds, and a Special VFR clearance from air traffic control.

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Can a VFR pilot fly IFR?

However, they must be properly rated and equipped for IFR flight, and they must adhere to all IFR procedures and regulations while flying. It’s important for VFR pilots to undergo proper training and have the necessary equipment and qualifications before attempting to fly under IFR.

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